Personal Pedigrees for Individual English Listings
of the individuals have been given a number, all of them beginning with the
letter “E,” except the children of the emigrant Fortunatus Sydnor who have
been denoted with an “A.”
direct paternal line for each listing has been shown in square brackets.
This should help the reader in moving between generations.
ease of tracing, the direct line preceding Fortunatus Sydnor is denoted with a
bullet, as "·".
number of abbreviations have been used without the use of the period.
The point, or period, has been retained for those cases where the deleted
letters occur at the end of the word, such as "ed." is the
abbreviation for “editor.” Where consistency might dictate an apostrophe for the missing
letters in the middle of an abbreviated word, but where by modern quirk many
have used a period at the end of that word, the eye-stopping character has been
beginning for the English year has been subject to several changes.
The changes were different from those in other countries.
The information here is true only for England and her possessions, such
as the American colonies.
some point in the sixth century of this common reckoning (sometimes known as Anno
Domini), the custom was established that the new year started with The Feast
of the Nativity, popularly known as Christmas, 25 December.
That practice for the start of new years continued for some centuries
1067, the fashion of beginning of the year changed, and the year contained the
days from 1 January to 31 December.
1155, the year was changed to begin with The Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin,
known as Lady Day, on 25 March, and thereby the year ended the next 24 March.
Most authorities fail to discuss accounting for the extra three months
between the end of 1154 and the start of 1155.
This method of measuring the period of a year was used for almost six
hundred years in England.
1582, the small error of counting 11 minutes and about 14 seconds too much time
for every year accumulated to form an error of about 10 days.
Pope Gregory XIII proclaimed in a bull of 24 February 1582 that 4 October
of that year would be followed by 15 October.
However, not all Christian nations followed his edict, particularly
England where a new Christian church had been formed.
English convention ended with two changes pursuant by a statute of George II.
First, there was a year of adjustment was defined from 25 March to 31
December 1751. Thus, 1751 was a
year that was short about three months. Then
the fresh year of 1752 ran from 1 January to 31 December; and likewise
thereafter until the present. Thus
the calendar of seasons, and those events such as Easter which were tied to
seasons, were returned to that pattern of the year 325 of this common era when
the Christian church had fixed their critical festival of Easter with respect to
the vernal equinox.
second part of the change was the need to omit eleven days in September 1752 to
bring the Julian reckoning of England into accord with the Gregorian calendar
used by the balance of the Christian world.
That alteration (where Wednesday, 2 September, was followed by Thursday,
14 September), as likely did all those theretofore, provoked a great deal of
emotional comment. Much of the
discourse was lighthearted, as the wits of the day lamented that a portion of
their life was missed by the king's decree.
Many on monthly wages wanted their full pay for that September.
avoid the continuing creeping accumulation of an annual error, the calendar was
to omit the added day of leap year in the centennials unless the date was an
integer when divided by 400.
change in the calendar from the Julian to the Gregorian provided the opportunity
for confusion for the historian and genealogist for the period from 1153 until
the year 1752 of this common era. For
example, the old style date given as 1 January 1750 would, by modern reckoning,
become 1 January 1751. Thus, there
is the need for a convention. Often,
an author simply makes the correction to the new style.
Another convention, traditionally used when sources and references have
data in the old style and used herein, has been to mark those dates which fall
between 1 January and 24 March with both years, such as 1 January 1750/1.
This notation has been used to save the reader that uncertainty as to
whether the correction had been made.
research is of international interest, particularly for Sydnors whose links with
England are direct. Dates are
rendered in the order of day, month, and year, a convention used in the
genealogical records of Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints as well as
being the fashion of the Sydnors' mother country England.
Although the dates shown herein may seem in unusual order, the English
convention for rendering dates has been chosen to be the least confusing form.
For those who request some higher authority than reason, this choice of
showing dates was cheered by the chair of the committee for the Manual of Style
for the United States Printing Office.
dates are known with certainty, and that presents no problem.
Other dates are not known with certainty, but there is reasonable
accuracy. These have been given
with the qualfier "circa" preceding them, for example "circa
are times when a date is really a guess. For
example, a date may be estimated based on postulations re likely lifespans and
typical ages for marriage and majority. Because these assumptions are based only on typical practices
or statistics and may be cumulative, in those cases a question mark has been
added to the modifier "circa" to indicate the further lack of
precision, as for example "circa 1400?". .
That conjecture may be off substantially, but the practice of guessing
has proved worthwhile in many instances when looking for connections and for
substantiating information. The
reader should not forget that the guess may be wrong.
Surnames and First Names
the sake of consistency and indexing, surnames have been standardized, using a
best effort at modern spelling. In
some cases, original spellings are noted and enclosed in brackets, for example
“Sydnor [Setenore].” Most
spellings of the names of persons have been kept unedited for quotations and in
the wills. The various spellings as
found in the many documents pertaining to an individual have been collected
within brackets at the listing for each person.
names have been standardized in modern form.
Along with other alternate English spellings, some original Latin forms
of first names have been shown as such in brackets.
Place Names and County, Diocesan, and Parish
the sake of simplicity, place names have been standardized in modern forms.
In some cases where there might have been some uncertainty or some
interest, original spellings have been shown in brackets.
of the discussion about places and their relative locations, together with the
events that occurred there, has been given under the Appendix Placenames.
This process was helpful in searches for information and in establishing
boundaries of counties and dioceses of England have changed over the time
covered by this family history. For
instance, Sussex has been divided into East and West; part of Suffolk, including
the parishes of Fritton and Belton, is now in Norfolk; the county Middlesex has
disappeared into London; many of the place names are no longer in use.
parishes and manors have come and gone. For
instance, the parish of Sydnor in Sussex has disappeared.
changes have been discussed at the listings in the chapter on Place
great effort has been made to determine the surnames and parentage of wives and
mothers, particularly for the direct line of antecedents.
To the extent these have been found, maternal antecedents have been
included under their own chapters for that surname.
Descents from Sydnor Daughters
primary purpose of this pedigree has been to show the antecedents of Fortunatus
Sydnor. A second purpose has been
to list every English person found with the surname Sydnor.
limit the scope of research, little effort has been given to find all the
cousins who descended from the Sydnor daughters other than the first generation.
Some descents have been found in published pedigrees, and these
references have been cited.
Generational Differentiations, such as Senior and
suffixes were rarely used in the records of yesteryear.
They have been added herein to aid differentiation.
were very important to the people of the day.
The titles have been given as they were applied, whether they were
deserved or not. The appropriate
designations are shown immediately after the name listing.
See the Glossary
for their meanings.
Wills, Testaments and Other Major Documents
documents have been included in an appendix, including those for materal lines.
The intent in editing these documents has been to maintain the original
charm and to enhance the readability and meaning.
construction and spelling have been used except in the case of the names of
persons. Modern punctuation has
been added. Roman numbers have been
changed to Arabic. Footnotes were
added for comment and clarity where deemed helpful.
Special terms and phrases have been have been marked with an asterisk to
show that they are explained further in the Glossary.
In some cases, extracts have been used and were so noted.
information about wills and testaments and the sources of documents are given in
the appendix, Glossary.
Footnotes and References
first glance, the use of footnotes may appear extravagant.
the project, several decisions were made as to the organization of the work.
One decision was to use the body of the work for the facts.
This, it seemed, would let the reader see the facts separate from all the
other information. Definitions,
relevant historical information to establish the context of information, most
commentary and argument, and suggestions for further research were to be
entrusted to the footnotes.
assumption, and the basis for each, has been given in an associated footnote.
The author has given thought to creating some order out of many random
and irregular facts. From time to
time, there have been several ways to place data and to construct the various
families. As new data was found or
old information reviewed in a different context, the original basis for
assumptions often had fallen prey to a distant, overcrowded, or poor memory.
Besides, the bases for assumptions are best explained so the reader has a
opportunity for dissent if so inclined.
decision was to give the source for each fact in an associated footnote.
This rule grew out of necessity, as well as for other good reasons.
When this project began, footnotes were not used.
As conflicting data or copying errors were found and as data was applied
to the wrong person, it was difficult to find the original references.
Complete references have been given in each case since a person or a
piece of information often was moved or since new facts were inserted between
data that had common sources. An
effort has been made to reconcile or explain all such problems, particularly
where authorities were in disagreement.
documents can be found in the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C., or at the
Family History Library of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in
Salt Lake City, Utah. In some
cases, the reference was found in the archives of the English counties or the
Probate Records Office in London, England.
data was found without a reference, and these have been so noted.
techniques of cataloging information and documents in England have changed over
the years, but an effort has been made to be consistent.
In each case, whether the older or newer description has been used,
offices holding the records should be able to provide those who request copies
of the originals with the same. In
some cases, the catalog data remains a mystery to the author and to his expert
correspondents in England.
reader should have in hand the specific reference for each fact, the basis for
each assumption, appropriate commentary and historical context, and an
indication where questions remain open. It
is hoped that a reader will find it easy to amend and add to this work.
Besides, there may be the reader who is interested in searching further.
Definitions and the Glossary
words used in this work might be unknown to the modern reader, or they may have
changed in meaning over history. These
have been denoted with an asterisk and are explained in the Glossary.
Some readers grew up in a time and place when some of these words were in
common use; but the reader, however, should not assume that the meaning of words
in common usage today held the same meaning then.